AIDS, standing for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, is a complex disease caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The virus weakens and progressively destroys the immune system, leaving individuals vulnerable to a wide range of infections and diseases. AIDS is typically transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing contaminated needles, and from infected mothers to their babies during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. Despite significant advancements in treatment and prevention, AIDS remains a global health concern, with millions of people affected worldwide.
AIDS Full Form in Hindi
एड्स का पूर्ण रूप है “एक्वायर्ड इम्यूनोडेफिशींसी सिंड्रोम”।
AIDS Full Form in English
AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.
Acquired – meaning it is not inherited, but rather acquired over time
Immunodeficiency – referring to the weakening or damage of the immune system
Syndrome – indicating a combination of symptoms or conditions that occur together
AIDS is a chronic and potentially life-threatening condition caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This virus attacks and weakens the immune system, making it difficult for the body to fight off infections and diseases.
HIV is transmitted through certain bodily fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. It is commonly spread through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing contaminated needles, transmission from infected mothers to their babies during childbirth or breastfeeding, and less commonly, through blood transfusions.
Once a person becomes infected with HIV, they may experience flu-like symptoms such as fever, sore throat, fatigue, and swollen glands. However, some individuals with HIV may remain symptom-free for several years. As the virus progresses, it gradually destroys the immune system, leading to the development of AIDS.
AIDS is diagnosed when a person with HIV has a severely weakened immune system and contracts specific opportunistic infections or certain cancers. These infections and complications can be life-threatening if not properly treated. Common symptoms of AIDS include weight loss, chronic diarrhea, night sweats, persistent fatigue or weakness, and frequent infections.
While there is currently no cure for AIDS, advancements in medical treatments have significantly improved the prognosis and quality of life for individuals with HIV/AIDS. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is highly effective in suppressing the replication of HIV, allowing the immune system to recover and function more effectively. This treatment has greatly reduced the progression of HIV infection to AIDS and has helped many people with HIV/AIDS live long and healthy lives.
Prevention is key in combating the spread of HIV/AIDS. Safe sex practices, using condoms, getting tested regularly for HIV, and avoiding sharing needles or other drug paraphernalia are important steps in preventing new infections. Additionally, providing access to education, testing, counseling, and treatment for those at risk or living with HIV/AIDS is crucial in controlling the epidemic and reducing its impact on individuals and communities.